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            时态和语态


            时态和语态
            Ⅰ.用所给动词的正确时态填空 1.(2014· 高考陕西卷)During his stay in Xi’an, Jerry tried almost all the local foods his friends ____________(recommend). 2.(2014· 高考山东卷)They made up their mind that they ____________(buy) a new house once Larry changed jobs. 3 . (2014· 高 考 重 庆 卷 )You’d better write down her phone number before you ____________(forget) it. 4.(2014· 高考重庆卷)James has just arrived, but I didn’t know he ____________(come) until yesterday. 5. (2014· 高考北京卷)I found the lecture hard to follow because it ____________(start) when I arrived. 6.(2014· 高考山东卷)Writing out all the invitations by hand was more timeconsuming than we ____________(expect). 7. (2014· 高考江苏卷)—How much do you know about the Youth Olympic Games to be held in Nanjing? —Well, the media ____________(cover) it in a variety of forms. 8.(2014· 高考安徽卷)The twins, who ____________(finish) their homework, were allowed to play badminton on the playground. 9.(2014· 高考江西卷)—Tony, why are your eyes red? —I____________(cut) up peppers for the last five minutes. 10 . (2014·高 考 天 津 卷 )We won’t start the work until all the preparations ____________(make). 11.(2014· 高考大纲全国卷)Unless some extra money ____________(find), the theatre will close. 12. The train we ____________(wait) for so long was crowded, so we decided to catch a later one. 13.—Hello, I ____________(phone) to ask if I can book two tickets for tonight’s film. —Sorry, we’ve already sold out. 14. Since the beginning of the vacation, I ____________(travel) across the country, and my next stop is the Wuyi Mountains. 15.—I hear you ____________(work)at Smith’s. —Yes,I ____________(work) there for about three months. 16.—How did you like your trip to Yunnan? —Wonderful indeed. We ____________(dance) with the local people happily. 17. I __________(give) a lesson in the classroom when you called me, so I didn’ t answer it. 18.Jack doesn’t smoke now, but he ____________(smoke) for almost twenty years. 19.—That must have been a terrible experience. —Yeah. I ____________(stick) in the damaged car, unable to move. 20.Mr. Mat ____________(persuade) to give up smoking in the office by the time he started his new job. 答案:1.had recommended 2.would buy 3.forget 4.was coming 5.had started 6.had expected 7.have covered 8.had finished 9.have been cutting 10.have been made

            11.is found 12.had been waiting 13.am phoning 14.have been traveling 15.are working; have been working 16.danced 17.was giving 18.smoked 19.was stuck 20.had been persuaded II.体验高考,单句改错 ①Since then, we had been allowing tomatoes to self-seed where they please.(2014 新课标全国) ②My dream school starts at 8:30 a.m. and ends at 3:30 p.m. We didn’t need to do so many homework.(2014 全国大纲) ③My dream school look like a big garden.(2014 全国大纲) ④We can lie on the grass for a rest, sat by the lake. ( 2014 年全国大纲) ⑤For example, how many times have you walked out of a room and leave the lights on? (2012 大 纲全国) ⑥After many attempts, she pass her driving test and told her husband that she was going to drive… ⑦She said, ―I have been practicing for three weeks now, but I still couldn’t get used to it. ⑧Christie was one of my best friend at high school. At that time, we often spend time together. spent 答案:1.had –have 2. didn’t-don’t 3.look –looks 4.sat-sit 5.leave –left 6.pass –passed 7. couldn’t- can’t 8. spend-spent 练习二: ①I was only four when she passes away.(2013 新课标全国) ②When I tear apart my fifth birthday toy train, my father said…(2012 新课标全国) ③South Lake Hotel for a week when we visit Beijing last month. (2012 陕西) ④Yet it seemed water is becoming less and less.(2012 大纲全国 II 卷) ⑤Thank you for the lovely day we have with you.(2012 辽宁) ⑥You always held me in your arms and told me stories till I fall asleep.(2012 重庆) ⑦I knew that they will be worried about myself because I was…(2012 浙江卷) ⑧I hold my lunch-box in my hand when I was going to school.(2011 大纲全国Ⅰ卷) ⑨ By the time I got back, they have finished the scene and actor couldn’t be seen…(2011 陕西) ⑩ We became friends shortly after we meet each other.(2011 重庆) 11. My sister saw a lovely cup when we are shopping the other day. were 12. Unfortunately, by the time I got back, they have finished the scene… 答案:1.passes-passed 2.tear-tore 3. visit- visited 4.is –was 5.have –had 6.fall-fell 7.will-would 8.hold –held 9.have –had 10.meet –met 11.are –were 12.have -had 练习三: ①I didn’t cheat. I was just helping a friend. Why does she punish me?(2013 年四川) ② Suddenly Mary, my best friend, asking me to let her copy my answers.(2013 年四川) ③Tea in China was traditionally drank from cups without handles. (2013 年新课标Ⅱ) ④I couldn’t believe my luck— not only did I had my photo taken with him, but he signed his name on my shirt! (2011· 全国 II) 答案:1.does –did 2.asking-asked 3.drank-drunk 4.had-have 练习四 ①Suddenly the arrows was flying down at us from the sky.(2014 陕西) ②The early morning barking have been disturbing us as we are often up all night with the baby. (2014 年辽宁)

            ③The understanding between two friends mean both of them have similar ideas.(2014 年新课标 ④Finally, there were a sudden pull at the pole and fish was caught.(2013 年陕西) ⑤Hard work have made him very ill. (2013 辽宁 ⑥ …but the only clothes I had was those I had on.(2011 全国新课标) ⑦Now my friend Ann, together with me, are going to do field study…(2012 重庆) ⑧What I liked best were the free high-speed Internet connection in the room.(2012 陕西) 答案:1.was –were 2.have –has 3.mean –means 4.were-was 5. have –has 6.was-were 7.are –is 8.were -was III.单句改错.实战实练 1.All students in rural Chinese primary and junior middle schools will provide with a free Xinhua Dictionary. 2.Yesterday I suspected of stealing something, which made me feel extremely terrible. 3.The detective fixed his sharp eyes upon the box,wondering whether he saw it somewhere before. 4.Have a try and you would see you can do it. 5.A large number of students in our school are from the countryside, and the number grows all the time. 6.When you come back an hour later, I will finish the work. 7.What a disappointment! I expect that you would fix my iPad 6 yesterday. 8.The students who fail to reach the score will not admitted to the university. 9.I am attending my training class at 9 next Sunday morning. 10.We must stick to our goals in life in spite of the environment if we were to succeed in future. 11. However excellent the finished products are, if they are not properly priced they won’ t be sold well. 12.When the smart watch came out, no one expected that it is to become the latest hitech trend. 13.Applicants for the job must be between 25 and 35 years old and a good command of English requires. 14.The experiment is worth doing. At least it will have given us some valuable experience. 15.I had telephoned him twice in the morning but couldn’t get through to him. 16.He was so rude! I should have walked away then, but I don’t want to ruin the party. 17.I’m now working in an advertising company, where I can use what I had learned at college. 18.I was looking for my documents for hours before I found them. 19.She telephoned a friend when I came in. 20. My teacher usually arrived at school at 7 in the morning, but today she hasn’ t showed up till now. 答 案 : 1.will provide—will be provided 2.suspected 前 加 was 3.saw—had seen 4.would—will 5. grows—is growing 6.will finish—will have finished 7.expect—had expected 8.will not admitted—will not be admitted 9.am attending—will be attending 10.were to—are to 11. be sold—sell 12.is—was 13.requires—is required 14.will have given—will give 15.had telephoned—telephoned 16.don’t—didn’t 17.had learned—learned18.was looking for —had been looking for19.telephoned—was telephoning 20.arrived—arrives

            Iv.语篇填空 用括号中所给动词的正确时态或语态填空。 My job as a pilot My name is Robert Arthur. I work as a pilot for a major commercial airline.I 1.____________(work)as a pilot for over 30 years.After college I went into the U.S.Air Force, where I 2.____________(serve)for ten years.After I left the Air Force,I got a job with a major commercial airline and 3.____________(fly)commercially ever since.Lately I have been thinking about retirement because pilots have to 4.____________(retire)at the age of 60. People have often asked me how I 5.____________(become) interested in flying.Like most pilots , my interest in aviation( 航 空 ) 6.____________(go)back to my childhood , when I 7.____________(watch)birds and airplanes fly through the sky. My job has taken me away from my home and my family much of the time.I’ve lived in many locations.For the past few years,however,I 8.____________(live)in Pittsburgh.To be a pilot , I have had to make many sacrifices.But there is nothing else I ’ d rather 9.____________(do).For me,flying 10.____________(present)a perspective of how one fits in with the rest of the world. 1. 【解析】根据后面的 over 30 years 可知此处表示从过去到现在一直进行的动作,而且 以后也可能继续下去,故用现在完成进行时。 【答案】have been working 2. 【解析】此处表示过去的动作,故用一般过去时。 【答案】served 3. 【解析】 根据后面的时间状语 ever since 可知此处表示从过去一直持续到现在的动作。 根据首句可知, “我”现在仍是一名飞行员。故用现在完成进行时。 【答案】have been flying 4. 【解析】have to do sth.“不得不做某事”为固定句式。 【答案】retire 5. 【解析】根据上下文可知“我”对“飞行”感兴趣是过去的动作。故用一般过去时 became。 【答案】became 6. 【解析】此处指现在的动作“对航空的兴趣要追溯到童年”。 【答案】goes 7. 【解析】此处指童年时期的动作,故用一般过去时。 【答案】watched 8. 【解析】根据时间状语―the past few years‖可知,此处表示从过去持续到现在的动作, 故用现在完成进行时。 【答案】have been living 9. 【解析】此处为固定句式 would rather do“宁愿做某事”。 【答案】do 10. 【解析】根据下文的―fits‖可知此处表示现在的动作。故用一般现在时。 【答案】presents


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