My view on America of 1960s Winnie 222009310011409
It was not a decade of peace, it’s not a decade of prosperity; it’s the best of time, it’s the worst of time. During Kennedy’s reign started in January, 1961, there happened some events during his presidency included the Bay of Pigs Invasion, the Cuban Missile Crisis, the building of the Berlin Wall, the Space Race, the African American Civil Rights Movement and early stages of the Vietnam War. After his assassination in November 1963, the war was enlarged and the later president took little great measures to resolve the social problem. I’d like to talk something about the movements during this period. Movements mean that people work together to change government policies and society. They are spontaneity, in general. There are some elements, for example, social base of people→ organization a message or ideology that names a problem and shows how to solve it→ idea the ability to spread the idea and get more supporters→collective actions. Besides, there are participants (members) First of all, of course is the African-American Civil Rights Movement. Afro-Americans had a taste of life outside the south so that they know that life in the segregated south was not the American way of life. However, they were not treated equally and they even couldn’t get close to the whites. The famous leader was Martin Luther King · Jr, who was well known with his speech "I Have a Dream”. As an advocate of the "non-violent fight", he was rewarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964. He was assassinated
by the racist in June,1968, and this day was named "the Day of Martin Luther King" afterwards and celebrated in the U.S. Secondly, I have to mention the women's liberation movement. During WWII, women had the opportunity to work in responsible jobs for good pays, but they don't have them in the 1960s. In 1964, a word in the Civil Rights Act, which made the discrimination in employment on race or sex illegally caused it. In 1966, the National Organization for women (NOW) was formed Another important movement was anti-war movement. In the background of cold war, America stated small scale wars. The Bay of Pigs Invasion and the Vietnam War were two typical events. Many people thought it wrong and they needed time to rehabilitate. They had protest marches and rallies; attacks on federal offices to destroy draft records by radical anti-war groups. At last, I’ll introduce the youth movement. They resented traditional white male values in US society. The civil rights movement instilled them with the belief in liberty and rebellion in attitude. The youth who took part in the civil rights movement had seen the government degraving in protecting people's rights so that they lost the respect for the authority. They behaved in a special way, of which the Hippies was an example. People think about change when they feel unsatisfied; people move forward when they make changes; society develops when people make changes. Sometimes, the disturbance means a new step of the world is coming.