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            An Overview on African American History


            Slave Trade
            ? On the ships, the slaves were separated from
            their family and kept chained under the ship deck. Under the deck, the slaves were cramped and did not have enough space to walk around freely. Due to the lack of basic hygiene, malnourishment, and dehydration diseases spread wildly. Death was common and the women on the ships often endured rape by the crewmen.

            Early African-American History

            "Slaves working in 17th-century Virginia", by an unknown artist, 1670.

            Discrimination
            December 1, 1955 Rosa Parks
            On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to obey bus driver James F. Blake's order that she give up her seat in the colored section to a white passenger, after the white section was filled. Parks was not the first person to resist bus segregation.

            Civil Right Movement
            ? In 1957, Reverend King

            formed the Southern Christian Leadership Conference

            ? Early May 1961, They carried out the "free passenger" movement.

            ?In March,

            1963,Birmingham, the request to cancel the entire city isolation system. On August 28, 1963 250,000 people (1/4 for Caucasian) tomarch to Washington, the request "was freeimmediately".
            In 1964 L.B. President Johnson has signed "Civil rights Law".

            Victory
            Finally, They Won!!!

            Victory

            In 1863, during the American Civil War (1861–1865), President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which promised freedom to slaves in the Southern states if the Union won the war.“ In this preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, Lincoln chose his words carefully. Emphasizing that he was not planning to free the slaves in states loyal to the Union, he promised that any confederate state rejoined the Union by January first 1863 would be allowed to retain slavery."

            Success
            ? Music ? Movie ? Sports ? Politics

            Music
            Beyonce Giselle Knowles ——Sexy Lady
            A famous American pop singer. After her group "Destiny's Child" disbanded in 2002,she still devote herself to music. Less than a year, she become the focus of the United States and the whole world, and she awarded the Grammy awards many times.

            Movie
            Will Smith Jr. ——Handsome Man
            (born September 25, 1968)is an American actor, producer, and rapper. He has enjoyed success in television, film and music. In April 2007, Newsweek called him the most powerful actor in Hollywood. Smith has been nominated for four Golden Globe Awards, two Academy Awards, and has won four Grammy Awards.

            Sports
            Michael Jordan —— Man Of Strength
            Born February 17, 1963, also known by his initials, MJ, is an American former professional basketball player, entrepreneur, and majority owner and chairman of the Charlotte Bobcats. His biography on the National Basketball Association (NBA) website states, "By acclamation, Michael Jordan is the greatest basketball player of all time."

            Politics
            Barack Obama —— Man of Power
            U.S. President since 2008 till now.


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